Friendica Communications Platform (please note that this is a clone of the repository at github, issues are handled there) https://friendi.ca
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<?php
/**
* @file src/Util/Crypto.php
*/
namespace Friendica\Util;
use ASN_BASE;
use ASNValue;
use Friendica\Core\Config;
use Friendica\Core\Hook;
use Friendica\Core\Logger;
use Friendica\Core\System;
/**
* @brief Crypto class
*/
class Crypto
{
// supported algorithms are 'sha256', 'sha1'
/**
* @param string $data data
* @param string $key key
* @param string $alg algorithm
* @return string
*/
public static function rsaSign($data, $key, $alg = 'sha256')
{
if (empty($key)) {
Logger::warning('Empty key parameter', ['callstack' => System::callstack()]);
}
openssl_sign($data, $sig, $key, (($alg == 'sha1') ? OPENSSL_ALGO_SHA1 : $alg));
return $sig;
}
/**
* @param string $data data
* @param string $sig signature
* @param string $key key
* @param string $alg algorithm
* @return boolean
*/
public static function rsaVerify($data, $sig, $key, $alg = 'sha256')
{
if (empty($key)) {
Logger::warning('Empty key parameter', ['callstack' => System::callstack()]);
}
return openssl_verify($data, $sig, $key, (($alg == 'sha1') ? OPENSSL_ALGO_SHA1 : $alg));
}
/**
* @param string $Der der formatted string
* @param bool $Private key type optional, default false
* @return string
*/
private static function DerToPem($Der, $Private = false)
{
//Encode:
$Der = base64_encode($Der);
//Split lines:
$lines = str_split($Der, 65);
$body = implode("\n", $lines);
//Get title:
$title = $Private ? 'RSA PRIVATE KEY' : 'PUBLIC KEY';
//Add wrapping:
$result = "-----BEGIN {$title}-----\n";
$result .= $body . "\n";
$result .= "-----END {$title}-----\n";
return $result;
}
/**
* @param string $Der der formatted string
* @return string
*/
private static function DerToRsa($Der)
{
//Encode:
$Der = base64_encode($Der);
//Split lines:
$lines = str_split($Der, 64);
$body = implode("\n", $lines);
//Get title:
$title = 'RSA PUBLIC KEY';
//Add wrapping:
$result = "-----BEGIN {$title}-----\n";
$result .= $body . "\n";
$result .= "-----END {$title}-----\n";
return $result;
}
/**
* @param string $Modulus modulo
* @param string $PublicExponent exponent
* @return string
*/
private static function pkcs8Encode($Modulus, $PublicExponent)
{
//Encode key sequence
$modulus = new ASNValue(ASNValue::TAG_INTEGER);
$modulus->SetIntBuffer($Modulus);
$publicExponent = new ASNValue(ASNValue::TAG_INTEGER);
$publicExponent->SetIntBuffer($PublicExponent);
$keySequenceItems = [$modulus, $publicExponent];
$keySequence = new ASNValue(ASNValue::TAG_SEQUENCE);
$keySequence->SetSequence($keySequenceItems);
//Encode bit string
$bitStringValue = $keySequence->Encode();
$bitStringValue = chr(0x00) . $bitStringValue; //Add unused bits byte
$bitString = new ASNValue(ASNValue::TAG_BITSTRING);
$bitString->Value = $bitStringValue;
//Encode body
$bodyValue = "\x30\x0d\x06\x09\x2a\x86\x48\x86\xf7\x0d\x01\x01\x01\x05\x00" . $bitString->Encode();
$body = new ASNValue(ASNValue::TAG_SEQUENCE);
$body->Value = $bodyValue;
//Get DER encoded public key:
$PublicDER = $body->Encode();
return $PublicDER;
}
/**
* @param string $Modulus modulo
* @param string $PublicExponent exponent
* @return string
*/
private static function pkcs1Encode($Modulus, $PublicExponent)
{
//Encode key sequence
$modulus = new ASNValue(ASNValue::TAG_INTEGER);
$modulus->SetIntBuffer($Modulus);
$publicExponent = new ASNValue(ASNValue::TAG_INTEGER);
$publicExponent->SetIntBuffer($PublicExponent);
$keySequenceItems = [$modulus, $publicExponent];
$keySequence = new ASNValue(ASNValue::TAG_SEQUENCE);
$keySequence->SetSequence($keySequenceItems);
//Encode bit string
$bitStringValue = $keySequence->Encode();
return $bitStringValue;
}
/**
* @param string $m modulo
* @param string $e exponent
* @return string
*/
public static function meToPem($m, $e)
{
$der = self::pkcs8Encode($m, $e);
$key = self::DerToPem($der, false);
return $key;
}
/**
* @param string $key key
* @param string $m modulo reference
* @param object $e exponent reference
* @return void
* @throws \Exception
*/
private static function pubRsaToMe($key, &$m, &$e)
{
$lines = explode("\n", $key);
unset($lines[0]);
unset($lines[count($lines)]);
$x = base64_decode(implode('', $lines));
$r = ASN_BASE::parseASNString($x);
$m = Strings::base64UrlDecode($r[0]->asnData[0]->asnData);
$e = Strings::base64UrlDecode($r[0]->asnData[1]->asnData);
}
/**
* @param string $key key
* @return string
* @throws \Exception
*/
public static function rsaToPem($key)
{
self::pubRsaToMe($key, $m, $e);
return self::meToPem($m, $e);
}
/**
* @param string $key key
* @return string
* @throws \Exception
*/
private static function pemToRsa($key)
{
self::pemToMe($key, $m, $e);
return self::meToRsa($m, $e);
}
/**
* @param string $key key
* @param string $m modulo reference
* @param string $e exponent reference
* @return void
* @throws \Exception
*/
public static function pemToMe($key, &$m, &$e)
{
$lines = explode("\n", $key);
unset($lines[0]);
unset($lines[count($lines)]);
$x = base64_decode(implode('', $lines));
$r = ASN_BASE::parseASNString($x);
if (isset($r[0])) {
$m = Strings::base64UrlDecode($r[0]->asnData[1]->asnData[0]->asnData[0]->asnData);
$e = Strings::base64UrlDecode($r[0]->asnData[1]->asnData[0]->asnData[1]->asnData);
}
}
/**
* @param string $m modulo
* @param string $e exponent
* @return string
*/
private static function meToRsa($m, $e)
{
$der = self::pkcs1Encode($m, $e);
$key = self::DerToRsa($der);
return $key;
}
/**
* @param integer $bits number of bits
* @return mixed
* @throws \Friendica\Network\HTTPException\InternalServerErrorException
*/
public static function newKeypair($bits)
{
$openssl_options = [
'digest_alg' => 'sha1',
'private_key_bits' => $bits,
'encrypt_key' => false
];
$conf = Config::get('system', 'openssl_conf_file');
if ($conf) {
$openssl_options['config'] = $conf;
}
$result = openssl_pkey_new($openssl_options);
if (empty($result)) {
Logger::log('new_keypair: failed');
return false;
}
// Get private key
$response = ['prvkey' => '', 'pubkey' => ''];
openssl_pkey_export($result, $response['prvkey']);
// Get public key
$pkey = openssl_pkey_get_details($result);
$response['pubkey'] = $pkey["key"];
return $response;
}
/**
* Encrypt a string with 'aes-256-cbc' cipher method.
*
* Ported from Hubzilla: https://framagit.org/hubzilla/core/blob/master/include/crypto.php
*
* @param string $data
* @param string $key The key used for encryption.
* @param string $iv A non-NULL Initialization Vector.
*
* @return string|boolean Encrypted string or false on failure.
*/
private static function encryptAES256CBC($data, $key, $iv)
{
return openssl_encrypt($data, 'aes-256-cbc', str_pad($key, 32, "\0"), OPENSSL_RAW_DATA, str_pad($iv, 16, "\0"));
}
/**
* Decrypt a string with 'aes-256-cbc' cipher method.
*
* Ported from Hubzilla: https://framagit.org/hubzilla/core/blob/master/include/crypto.php
*
* @param string $data
* @param string $key The key used for decryption.
* @param string $iv A non-NULL Initialization Vector.
*
* @return string|boolean Decrypted string or false on failure.
*/
private static function decryptAES256CBC($data, $key, $iv)
{
return openssl_decrypt($data, 'aes-256-cbc', str_pad($key, 32, "\0"), OPENSSL_RAW_DATA, str_pad($iv, 16, "\0"));
}
/**
* Encrypt a string with 'aes-256-ctr' cipher method.
*
* Ported from Hubzilla: https://framagit.org/hubzilla/core/blob/master/include/crypto.php
*
* @param string $data
* @param string $key The key used for encryption.
* @param string $iv A non-NULL Initialization Vector.
*
* @return string|boolean Encrypted string or false on failure.
*/
private static function encryptAES256CTR($data, $key, $iv)
{
$key = substr($key, 0, 32);
$iv = substr($iv, 0, 16);
return openssl_encrypt($data, 'aes-256-ctr', str_pad($key, 32, "\0"), OPENSSL_RAW_DATA, str_pad($iv, 16, "\0"));
}
/**
* Decrypt a string with 'aes-256-ctr' cipher method.
*
* Ported from Hubzilla: https://framagit.org/hubzilla/core/blob/master/include/crypto.php
*
* @param string $data
* @param string $key The key used for decryption.
* @param string $iv A non-NULL Initialization Vector.
*
* @return string|boolean Decrypted string or false on failure.
*/
private static function decryptAES256CTR($data, $key, $iv)
{
$key = substr($key, 0, 32);
$iv = substr($iv, 0, 16);
return openssl_decrypt($data, 'aes-256-ctr', str_pad($key, 32, "\0"), OPENSSL_RAW_DATA, str_pad($iv, 16, "\0"));
}
/**
*
* Ported from Hubzilla: https://framagit.org/hubzilla/core/blob/master/include/crypto.php
*
* @param string $data
* @param string $pubkey The public key.
* @param string $alg The algorithm used for encryption.
*
* @return array
* @throws \Exception
*/
public static function encapsulate($data, $pubkey, $alg = 'aes256cbc')
{
if ($alg === 'aes256cbc') {
return self::encapsulateAes($data, $pubkey);
}
return self::encapsulateOther($data, $pubkey, $alg);
}
/**
*
* Ported from Hubzilla: https://framagit.org/hubzilla/core/blob/master/include/crypto.php
*
* @param string $data
* @param string $pubkey The public key.
* @param string $alg The algorithm used for encryption.
*
* @return array
* @throws \Exception
*/
private static function encapsulateOther($data, $pubkey, $alg)
{
if (!$pubkey) {
Logger::log('no key. data: '.$data);
}
$fn = 'encrypt' . strtoupper($alg);
if (method_exists(__CLASS__, $fn)) {
$result = ['encrypted' => true];
$key = random_bytes(256);
$iv = random_bytes(256);
$result['data'] = Strings::base64UrlEncode(self::$fn($data, $key, $iv), true);
// log the offending call so we can track it down
if (!openssl_public_encrypt($key, $k, $pubkey)) {
$x = debug_backtrace();
Logger::log('RSA failed. ' . print_r($x[0], true));
}
$result['alg'] = $alg;
$result['key'] = Strings::base64UrlEncode($k, true);
openssl_public_encrypt($iv, $i, $pubkey);
$result['iv'] = Strings::base64UrlEncode($i, true);
return $result;
} else {
$x = ['data' => $data, 'pubkey' => $pubkey, 'alg' => $alg, 'result' => $data];
Hook::callAll('other_encapsulate', $x);
return $x['result'];
}
}
/**
*
* Ported from Hubzilla: https://framagit.org/hubzilla/core/blob/master/include/crypto.php
*
* @param string $data
* @param string $pubkey
*
* @return array
* @throws \Exception
*/
private static function encapsulateAes($data, $pubkey)
{
if (!$pubkey) {
Logger::log('aes_encapsulate: no key. data: ' . $data);
}
$key = random_bytes(32);
$iv = random_bytes(16);
$result = ['encrypted' => true];
$result['data'] = Strings::base64UrlEncode(self::encryptAES256CBC($data, $key, $iv), true);
// log the offending call so we can track it down
if (!openssl_public_encrypt($key, $k, $pubkey)) {
$x = debug_backtrace();
Logger::log('aes_encapsulate: RSA failed. ' . print_r($x[0], true));
}
$result['alg'] = 'aes256cbc';
$result['key'] = Strings::base64UrlEncode($k, true);
openssl_public_encrypt($iv, $i, $pubkey);
$result['iv'] = Strings::base64UrlEncode($i, true);
return $result;
}
/**
*
* Ported from Hubzilla: https://framagit.org/hubzilla/core/blob/master/include/crypto.php
*
* @param array $data ['iv' => $iv, 'key' => $key, 'alg' => $alg, 'data' => $data]
* @param string $prvkey The private key used for decryption.
*
* @return string|boolean The decrypted string or false on failure.
* @throws \Exception
*/
public static function unencapsulate(array $data, $prvkey)
{
if (!$data) {
return;
}
$alg = ((array_key_exists('alg', $data)) ? $data['alg'] : 'aes256cbc');
if ($alg === 'aes256cbc') {
return self::encapsulateAes($data['data'], $prvkey);
}
return self::encapsulateOther($data['data'], $prvkey, $alg);
}
/**
*
* Ported from Hubzilla: https://framagit.org/hubzilla/core/blob/master/include/crypto.php
*
* @param array $data
* @param string $prvkey The private key used for decryption.
* @param string $alg
*
* @return string|boolean The decrypted string or false on failure.
* @throws \Friendica\Network\HTTPException\InternalServerErrorException
*/
private static function unencapsulateOther(array $data, $prvkey, $alg)
{
$fn = 'decrypt' . strtoupper($alg);
if (method_exists(__CLASS__, $fn)) {
openssl_private_decrypt(Strings::base64UrlDecode($data['key']), $k, $prvkey);
openssl_private_decrypt(Strings::base64UrlDecode($data['iv']), $i, $prvkey);
return self::$fn(Strings::base64UrlDecode($data['data']), $k, $i);
} else {
$x = ['data' => $data, 'prvkey' => $prvkey, 'alg' => $alg, 'result' => $data];
Hook::callAll('other_unencapsulate', $x);
return $x['result'];
}
}
/**
*
* Ported from Hubzilla: https://framagit.org/hubzilla/core/blob/master/include/crypto.php
*
* @param array $data
* @param string $prvkey The private key used for decryption.
*
* @return string|boolean The decrypted string or false on failure.
* @throws \Exception
*/
private static function unencapsulateAes($data, $prvkey)
{
openssl_private_decrypt(Strings::base64UrlDecode($data['key']), $k, $prvkey);
openssl_private_decrypt(Strings::base64UrlDecode($data['iv']), $i, $prvkey);
return self::decryptAES256CBC(Strings::base64UrlDecode($data['data']), $k, $i);
}
/**
* Creates cryptographic secure random digits
*
* @param string $digits The count of digits
* @return int The random Digits
*
* @throws \Exception In case 'random_int' isn't usable
*/
public static function randomDigits($digits)
{
$rn = '';
// generating cryptographically secure pseudo-random integers
for ($i = 0; $i < $digits; $i++) {
$rn .= random_int(0, 9);
}
return $rn;
}
}